within Ingsocs governing system we have four government ministries to which 1984 refers to, are the Ministries of Truth, Love, Peace, and Plenty. The true nature of the ministries is the antithesis of the given names, which fit in perfectly with the governments "doublethink" philosophy. As described by Orwell, the Ministry of Truth (in Newspeak, Minitru) is responsible for education, entertainment, fine arts and the news. In other words, it is the government department that is responsible for the dissemination of propaganda and for the indoctrination of the populace, The Ministry of Truth takes part in an even more sinister operation of doctoring history and even the erasure of certain historic events or specifics completely. In short, it is responsible for the mind-control of the population.
The Ministry of Love is responsible for maintaining law and order; or in a more truthful sense the Ministry of Love is responsible for the torture, imprisonment and forced reconditioning of 'crimethinkers'. The Ministry of Love (in Newspeak, Miniluv) is also home to the dreaded Thought police, Enforcers of the Ingsoc philosophy.
The Ministry of Peace, in the novel’s most noteworthy example of double-speak, is concerned with war, The Ministry of Peace (Newspeak: Minipax) serves as the war ministry of Oceania's government, and is in charge of the armed forces, mostly the navy and army. The Ministry of Peace may be the most vital organ of the Ingsoc party, seeing as the nation is fighting a manufactured war ad infinitum with either Eurasia or Eastasia and requires just the right amount of force to not win the war, but keep it in a state of equilibrium.
The Ministry of Plenty (in Newspeak, Miniplenty) is in control of Oceania's planned economy. It oversees rationing of food, supplies, and goods. As told in Goldstein's book 'The Theory and Practice of Oligarchical Collectivism', the economy of Oceania is very important, and it's necessary to have the public continually create useless and "faux" supplies or weapons for use in the perpetual war, while they have no access to the means of production themselves, they're forced to live in a constant state of need and hunger further fueling the party's desire for absolute control.
This is the central theme of Oceania's idea that a poor, ignorant populace is easier to rule over than a wealthy, well-informed one. Telescreens often make reports on how Big Brother has been able to increase economic production, even when production has actually gone down. Because of its central role in maintaining government control over the population, the Ministry of Truth is particularly large, consisting, Orwell writes, of “three thousand rooms above ground level, and corresponding ramifications below.” While the Ministry of Truth is the most 'expansive' of the government departments, however, Orwell notes that it is the Ministry of Love that is “the really frightening one.” Orwell describes this particular ministry as an armed fortress surrounded by “barbed-wire entanglements, steel doors, and hidden machine-gun nests.” With its responsibility for maintaining order, the Ministry of Love is the place where detentions and punishments for perceived infractions are carried out.
The Ministry of Plenty, consistent with the obvious paradox between the names of the other ministries and their real function, administered rations of goods for the population, as when it had “issued a promise (a ‘categorical pledge’ were the official words) that there would be no reduction of the chocolate ration during 1984. Actually, as Winston was aware, the chocolate ration was to be reduced from thirty grams to twenty at the end of the week.” In Orwell’s 1984, each ministry acts in strict accordance with Party mandates, and each is a central apparatus in the continuing oppression of the population of Oceania.
The stark similarities between Nazi Germanys propaganda ministries and 1984's "Ingsoc" absolute stranglehold over Oceania, The Nazi party had brainwashed an entire generation into being not only complacent in horrific acts but also actively participate in mass genocide.
Once they succeeded in ending democracy and turning Germany into a one-party dictatorship, the Nazis orchestrated a massive propaganda campaign to win the loyalty and the eventual servitude of German people. The Nazi Propaganda Ministry, directed by Dr. Joseph Goebbels, took control of all forms of communication in Germany: newspapers, magazines, books, public meetings, and rallies, art, music, movies, and radio. Viewpoints in any way threatening to Nazi beliefs or to the regime were censored or eliminated from all media. similar to that of the ministry of truth, Joseph Goebbels and his propaganda ministry made sure that the German people would not hear anything Adolf Hitler and the Nazi party didn't want out, effectively brainwashing the people into believing they were the ones on the right side of history.
The ' Reich Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda was founded on 14 of March 1933, a few months after the Nazi seizure of power, As the central office of Nazi propaganda, it comprehensively supervised and regulated the culture and mass media of Nazi Germany.
The Ministry was organized into seven departments Division I: Administration and Legal, Division II: Mass rallies; public health; youth race Division III: Broadcasting Division IV: National and Foreign press, Division V: Films and film censorship, Division VI: Art, music and theatre Division VII: Protection against counter-propaganda, both foreign and domestic. The Nazi regime had extensive time and resources invested into the control and subjugation of the Germans and the most frightening thing about is that it actually worked.
In 1920 SA (Sturm Abteilung) "Storm Detachment" formed. Known as Stormtroopers these were the party militia. They were also known as brownshirts because of the brown shirts that eventually formed part of their uniform, the Brownshirts were a particularly violent arm of the Nazi Party that did not hesitate to use violence against their political opponents, going as far as to beat the speakers and their supporters during political rallies and meetings. They also functioned as bodyguards for Hitler. They frequently taunted Jews and provoked violence on them.
In 1925, the SS (Schutzstaffel) formed proceeding the SA. The SS, who wore black shirts to distinguish them from the SA, initially formed Hitler’s personal bodyguard, but later became the party militia, the Schutzstaffel, or SS, in 1929 was expanded and the group’s role and size had increased significantly.
Recruits, who had to prove that none of their ancestors were Jewish, received military training and were also taught they were the elite not only of the Nazi Party but of all humankind. By the beginning of World War II, the SS had more than 250,000 members with multiple subdivisions, engaged in activities ranging from intelligence operations to running Nazi concentration camps, The simple hooligans that were the Brownshirts were formed and shaped by Hitler into the real world equivalent of the Thought police.
Hitler Youth, in 1926 the League of German Worker Youth was formed. The party had a youth section since its beginning, but this new re-organised Hitler Youth was more integrated into the SA, Hitler’s belief was that the future of Nazi Germany was its children and so did Ingsoc with its many youth programs and like 1984 the different "youth" programs were extensive ranging from youth spies to the anti-sex party. Hitler's youth league is a simple concept at its core, As the famous musician Spencer Dryden once put it, "Get them while they're young and bend their minds".
To get an idea of the type of fanaticism occurring in Nazi Germany, Joseph Goebbels the head of the Ministry of Propaganda was just as completely entwined within his own ideological narrative that he seemed to believe his own rhetoric, he saw National Socialism as a religion and Hitler his God, from his point of view the Native Germans were the oppressed ones and in need of empowering, Carl Jung's quote; "Everyone knows nowadays that people “have complexes.” What is not so well known, though far more important theoretically, is that complexes can have us." seems to ring true especially with a supremacist ideology like Nazism, it embodies what cultures have been assuming about themselves since the dawn of humankind.